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|Emperor of Japan|
|Buried||Unebi-yama no minami no Masago no tani no e no Misasagi (Nara)|
Emperor Itoku (懿徳天皇 Itoku-tennō) was the 4th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Historians consider Emperor Itoku to be a legendary person, and the name Itoku-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.
No certain dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign. The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.
The Gukanshō records that Itoku was the second or third son of Emperor Annei, but the surviving documents provide no basis for making guesses about why the elder brother or brothers were passed over.
Events of Itoku's life
The absence of information about Itoku does not imply that no such person ever existed. Very little information is available for study prior to the reign of the 29th monarch, Emperor Kimmei (509?-571).
After his death
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 懿徳天皇 (4); retrieved 2011-10-19.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 4; Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gushankō, p. 251; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 89; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
- Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-19.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 29-30.
- Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
- Brown, p. 251.
- Aston, pp. 142-143.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 29; Varley, p. 89.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1915). The Imperial Family of Japan, pp. 2-3.
- Titsingh, pp. 34-36; Brown, pp. 261-262; Varley, pp. 123-124.
- Aston, pp. 141-142.
|Legendary Emperor of Japan