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Ernst Ruska

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Ernst Ruska
BornErnst August Friedrich Ruska
(1906-12-25)25 December 1906
Heidelberg, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire
Died27 May 1988(1988-05-27) (aged 81)
West Berlin, Germany
InstitutionsFritz Haber Institute
Technical University of Berlin
Alma materTechnical University of Berlin
Technical University of Munich
Doctoral advisorMax Knoll
Known forElectron Microscopy
Notable awardsAlbert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (1960)
Duddell Medal and Prize (1975)
Robert Koch Prize (Gold, 1986)
Nobel Prize in Physics (1986)
Ernst Ruska constructed the first transmission electron microscope (TEM) with his mentor Max Knoll
This person won a Nobel Prize
Ernst August Friedrich Ruska (25 December 1906 – 27 May 1988) was a German physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for his work in electron optics. He helped create the design of the first electron microscope.[1]


  1. Hawkes, Peter W. (July 1990). "Ernst Ruska". Physics Today 43 (7): 84–85. doi:10.1063/1.2810640 .