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French First Republic

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French Republic
République française



Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou la mort!
Liberty, equality, brotherhood, or the death!
La Marseillaise[1]
French First Republic (c. 1800)
Capital Paris
Language(s) French
Government Republic
 - 1792–1795 National Convention
with Maximilien Robespierre leading the Convention
 - 1795–1799 Directory
with Paul Barras leading the Directory
 - 1799–1804 Consulate
with Napoleon Bonaparte as First Consul
Legislature National Convention
French Directory
French Consulate
 - Storming of the Bastille and French Revolution 14 July 1789
 - Overthrow of Louis XVI 21 September 1792
 - Committee of Public Safety and Reign of Terror 5 September 1793 to
28 July 1794 Abolishment of slavery 4 February 1794.
 - Thermidorean Reaction 24 July 1794
 - Coup of 18 Brumaire 9 November 1799
 - Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed emperor by the Senate 18 May 1804
Currency French Franc

The French First Republic was formed on 22 September 1792, by the newly made National Convention. The First Republic lasted until the First French Empire in 1804 under Napoleon I. This time is characterized by the fall of the monarchy, the making of the National Convention and the infamous Reign of Terror, the founding of the Directory and the Thermidorian Reaction, and finally, the making of the Consulate and Napoleon’s rise to power.


  1. Mould, Michael (2011). The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French. New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-136-82573-6 . Retrieved 23 November 2011.

Coordinates: 48°52′00″N 2°19′59″E / 48.8666667°N 2.33306°E / 48.8666667; 2.33306