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10 October 1861|
Store Frøen, Christiania, Norway
13 May 1930 (aged 68)|
|Education||The Royal Frederick University|
|Occupation||Scientist, explorer, humanitarian|
|Spouse(s)||Eva Sars; Sigrun Munthe|
|Children||2 daughters, 3 sons|
|Parent(s)||Baldur Nansen and Adelaide (née Wedel-Jarlsberg) Nansen|
|Awards||Nobel Peace Prize (1922)|
Nansen studied zoology at the Royal Frederick University, and later worked as a curator at the Bergen Museum where his research on the central nervous system of lower marine creatures earned him a doctorate and helped establish modern theories of neurology. After 1896 his main scientific interest switched to oceanography; in the course of his research he made many scientific cruises, mainly in the North Atlantic, and contributed to the development of modern oceanographic equipment. As one of his country's leading citizens, in 1905 Nansen spoke out for the ending of Norway's union with Sweden, and was instrumental in persuading Prince Charles of Denmark to accept the throne of the newly independent Norway. Between 1906 and 1908 he served as the Norwegian representative in London, where he helped negotiate the Integrity Treaty that guaranteed Norway's independent status.
In the final decade of his life Nansen devoted himself primarily to the League of Nations, following his appointment in 1921 as the League's High Commissioner for Refugees. In 1922 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on behalf of the displaced victims of the First World War and related conflicts. Among the initiatives he introduced was the "Nansen passport" for stateless persons, a certificate recognised by more than 50 countries. He worked on behalf of refugees until his sudden death in 1930, after which the League established the Nansen International Office for Refugees to ensure that his work continued. This office received the Nobel Peace Prize for 1938. Nansen was honoured by many nations, and his name is commemorated in numerous geographical features, particularly in the polar regions.
- Nansen, Fridtjof (1929). "Min tro". Nansens røst, andre bind: 1. http://www.amscan.org/SR%20Spring%2005%20p01-53_SR%20Spring%2005%20p01-57.pdf. Retrieved 1942.
- Works by or about Fridtjof Nansen at Internet Archive (scanned books original editions color illustrated)