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Gabriel García Márquez
|Gabriel García Márquez|
García Márquez in February 2002
March 6, 1927|
April 17, 2014 (aged 87)|
Mexico City, Mexico
|Occupation||novelist, short-story writer, and journalist.|
|Literary movement||Magical Realism|
He was best known for his novels One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985). His books were mainly about satire, solitude, magic realism, realism, and violence.
He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in December 1982. The reason was "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts".
Márquez wrote his last book in 2004. He retired in May 2008 because of his age and health.
Márquez was born in Aracataca, Columbia. His parents were Gabriel Eligio García and Luisa Santiaga Márquez. His father was a pharmacist. His mother left him at a young age and he was raised by his grandparents and father. He studied at the University of Cartagena.
He started as a journalist, and wrote many famous non-fiction works and short stories. Márquez began writing at the age of eighteen. His began writing about living in a old house with grandparents.
In 1982, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts". When he was accepting the award, Márquez gave a speech called "The Solitude of Latin America".
In 2002, he published the memoir Vivir para contarla; the first of a projected three-volume autobiography. It caused many problems and controversies in Iran. This book is banned in Iran.
Several of his stories have inspired other writers and directors. In 1987, the Italian director Francesco Rosi directed the movie Cronaca di una morte annunciata, based on Chronicle of a Death Foretold, written by Márquez.
A number of movies have been made of García Márquez's work. He also wrote some scripts for movies. He often worked with Carlos Fuentes for writing scripts. His famous book, Love in the Time of Cholera was also made into a movie in 2007.
Márquez met his wife, Mercedes Barcha, when they were in college. They wanted to get married when they both finished college but Márquez was sent to Europe. When he returned, Márquez married Barcha in 1958.
Márquez had two sons with Barcha. His first son, Rodrigo García, was born in 1959, one year after Márquez and Barcha were married. His second son, Gonzalo, was born in 1962 in Mexico. Rodrigo is a movie director and Gonzalo is a graphic designer.
Márquez and his family traveled by bus to Mexico. They settled in Mexico City. Márquez had always wanted to see the Southern United States because it inspired the writings of William Faulkner. Márquez lived with his family in Mexico City.
In 1999, García Márquez was diagnosed with lymphatic cancer. He went through chemotherapy and made a quick recovery. But, Márquez began developing side effects of old age which drove to his retirement in May 2008.
In 2012, Márquez became sick from Alzheimer's disease. On April 3, 2014, Márquez was hospitalized in Mexico. He had infections in his lungs and his urinary tract and was suffering from dehydration. Márquez later had pneumonia.
- The Autumn of the Patriarch 1975
- Chronicle of a Death Foretold 1981
- Love in the Time of Cholera 1985
- The General in His Labyrinth 1989
- Of Love and Other Demons 1994
- No One Writes to the Colonel 1968
- The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World 1968
- Leaf Storm 1972
- Big Mama's Funeral (1972)
- A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings 1972
- Innocent Eréndira 1978
- Strange Pilgrims 1992
- The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor 1955
- Clandestine in Chile 1987
- News of a Kidnapping 1996
- Living to Tell the Tale 2002
- (Spanish) Distintas ciudades del mundo rinden homenaje a García Márquez en su 80 cumpleaños. Clarin (2007-03-06). Retrieved on 2008-02-05.
- Torres, Paloma (17 April 2014). "Gabriel García Márquez Dies: Famed Colombian Author And Nobel Laureate Dead At 87 From Pneumonia". Latin Times. http://www.latintimes.com/gabriel-garcia-marquez-dies-famed-colombian-author-and-nobel-laureate-dead-87-pneumonia-166280. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Nobel Prize in Literature for 1982 Archived 1 February 2010 at WebCite
- Nobelprize.org Archived 1 February 2010 at WebCite
- Alexander, Harriet (7 June 2012). "Gabriel Garcia Marquez suffering from dementia". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturenews/9383928/Gabriel-Garcia-Marquez-suffering-from-dementia.html.
- Castillo, E. Eduardo; Bajak, Frank (17 April 2014). "Garcia Marquez, Nobel Laureate, Dies at 87". ABC News.com. Associated Press. http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/wireStory/garcia-marquez-nobel-laureate-dies-87-23369302. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Bhalla, Alok (1987). Garcia Marquez and Latin America.
- Bell, Michael (1993). Gabriel García Márquez: Solitude and Solidarity.
- Bloom, Harold (2007). Gabriel García Márquez (Modern Critical Views).
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- Bloom, Harold (2005). Love in the time of cholera (Modern Critical Interpretations).
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- Vergara, Isabel (1998). Haunting demons : critical essays on the works of Gabriel García Márquez.
- Villada, Gene (2002). Gabriel García Márquez's One hundred years of solitude : a casebook.
- Williams, Raymond L. (1984). Gabriel García Márquez (Twayne's World Authors Series).