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Gauge bosons are carrier particles for three of the four fundamental forces. The three gauge bosons are as follows:
- W and Z bosons for the weak force
- Gluons for the strong force
- Photons for the electromagnetism force
Gauge bosons are thought to interact with the Higgs field. This theoretical field is believed by many scientists to be responsible for why some gauge bosons – like W and Z bosons – have mass, while others – such as photons – do not have mass.