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경주
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul경주시
 • Hanja慶州市
 • Revised RomanizationGyeongju-si
 • McCune-ReischauerKyŏngju-si
A region on an east coast is divided into 23 districts, with the southern coastal district highlighted.
Coordinates: Coordinates: 35°51′N 129°13′E / 35.850°N 129.217°E / 35.850; 129.217
CountrySouth Korea
RegionNorth Gyeongsang province
Administrative divisions4 eup, 8 myeon, 11 dong, 305 ri
Area
 • Total1,324.39 km2 (511.35 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total269,343
 • Density212/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Gyeongsang
Websitegyeongju.go.kr

Gyeongju (경주) is a coastal city in the southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang province in South Korea.[1][2] It is the second largest city in the province (Andong is the first largest city). It is 1,324 km2 (511 sq mi) large, with 269,343 people living in the city, according to the 2008 census.[1][3] From southeast, Gyeongju is 370 km (230 mi) away from Seoul,[4] and from the east, 55 km (34 mi) away from the provincial capital, Daegu.[5] Cheongdo and Yeongcheon are on the west side of the city. Ulsan is to the south side, and Pohang is to the north. On the east there is the coast of the Sea of Japan (East Sea).[1] Many low mountains are around the city.[6] They are part of the Taebaek range.

Gyeongju was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla (57 BC – 935 AD). Silla ruled most of the Korean Peninsula between the 7th and 9th centuries, and many archaeological sites from that time are still in the city. This is why Gyeongju is often called "the museum without walls".[7][8] For example, Gyeongju Historic Areas and Yangdong Folk Village were made World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.[9][10] The many important historical sites have helped Gyeongju become one of the most popular places in Korea for tourists.[5][11]

In 1995, the city of Gyeongju and Gyeongju County were put together.[12] There are 53 other small and medium-sized cities with about 300,000 or less people in South Korea.[13] Today, Gyeongju is not only influenced by its history–it is influenced by the economic, demographic and social changes in South Korean culture. Its economy is mostly based on tourism. Manufacturing has also developed because Gyeogju is near large industrial cities such as Ulsan and Pohang. It is also connected to railways and highways that are often used by tourists.[14][15][16]

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "경주시" (in Korean). Nate / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. http://100.nate.com/dicsearch/pentry.html?s=K&i=296984&v=44. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  2. S. Korean, US presidents to meet before APEC summit. Xinhua News. 2005-10-18. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2005-10/18/content_3640593.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  3. "Administrative divisions" (in Korean). The Government of North Gyeongsang province. 2007. http://stat.gb.go.kr/nsiiu/view/stat.do?task=viewStatTbl&act=new&tblid=DT_A0A112&orgid=216&path=%C5%EB%B0%E8%C0%DB%BC%BA%20%B1%E2%B0%FC%BA%B0%20%3E%20%B0%E6%BB%F3%BA%CF%B5%B5%20%3E%20%B0%E6%BB%F3%BA%CF%B5%B5%B1%E2%BA%BB%C5%EB%B0%E8%20%3E%20%C5%E4%C1%F6%20%B9%D7%20%B1%E2%C8%C4%20%3E%20%C7%E0%C1%A4%B1%B8%BF%AA. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  4. Smyth, Terry (2008-11-13). "Saving face for Australia". Brisbane Times. http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/travel/saving-face-for-australia-20081113-63t3.html?page=-1. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Kyŏngju". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/326010/Kyongju. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  6. "경주시의 자연환경" (in Korean). Nate / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. http://100.nate.com/dicsearch/pentry.html?s=&i=3008021. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  7. Robinson et al. 2007. p.187
  8. Spring into Korea's Cultural Festivals. Travel Blackboard. 2005-03-04. http://www.etravelblackboard.com/showarticle.asp?id=35779&nav=13&suc=&cid=&email=&news=. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  9. "Korea, Republic of". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 2009. http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/kr. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  10. "Gyeongju Yangdong Folk Village (UNESCO World Heritage)". Korea Tourism Organization. http://www.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_1_1_1.jsp?cid=804281. 
  11. "Insa-dong Rivals Jeju as Most Popular Tourist Spot". The Chosun Ilbo. 2009-05-05. http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2009/05/05/2009050500290.html. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  12. Lee, Jae Won (1997). "Urban-Rural Integration Conflicts After 1994's Reform in Korea". Dosi Yeongu, Korea Center for City and Environment Research 3: 103–121. http://kocer.re.kr/files/UrbanStudies/3th/US3-05.pdf. 
  13. Yun, Daesic; Hwang, Junghoon and Moon, Changkeun (June 2008). "A Study on Analysis of Mode Choice Characteristics and Travel Pattern in Urban-Rural Integrated City" (in Korean). Korea Research Institute For Human Settlements. p. 118. http://168.126.177.50/pub/docu/kr/AD/BC/ADBC2008SAB/ADBC-2008-SAB-007.PDF. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  14. "경주시의 산업·교통" (in Korean). Nate / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. http://100.nate.com/dicsearch/pentry.html?s=&i=3008027. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  15. "경주시 산업과 교통" (in Korean). Nate / Britannica. http://100.nate.com/dicsearch/pentry.html?s=&i=1010600. Retrieved 2009-08-07. 
  16. Tamásy & Taylor, (2008) p.129

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