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|Hendrik Antoon Lorentz|
|Born||18 July 1853|
|Died||4 February 1928 (aged 74)|
|Alma mater||University of Leiden|
|Doctoral advisor||Pieter Rijke|
|Doctoral students||Geertruida L. de Haas-Lorentz|
Hendrika Johanna van Leeuwen
|Known for||Lorentz transformation|
Theory of EM radiation
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize for Physics (1902)|
Rumford Medal (1908)
Franklin Medal (1917)
Copley Medal (1918)
Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (18 July 1853 – 4 February 1928) was a Dutch physicist. In 1902, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics together with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect. He also derived the transformation equations that were later used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.
Lorentz and special relativityOn the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies", known today as the theory of special relativity. Because Lorentz laid the fundamentals for the work by Einstein, this theory was originally called the Lorentz-Einstein theory.
Lorentz and general relativity
Lorentz was one of few scientists who supported Einstein's search for general relativity from the beginning – he wrote several research papers and discussed with Einstein personally and by letter. For instance, he attempted to combine Einstein's formalism with Hamilton's principle (1915).
In January 1928, Lorentz became seriously ill, and died shortly after on February 4.
- Einstein, Albert (1905), "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper", Annalen der Physik 322 (10): 891–921, , , http://www.physik.uni-augsburg.de/annalen/history/einstein-papers/1905_17_891-921.pdf . See also: English translation.
- Miller, Arthur I. (1981). Albert Einstein’s special theory of relativity. Emergence (1905) and early interpretation (1905–1911). Reading: Addison–Wesley. .
- Kox, A.J. (1993). "Einstein, Lorentz, Leiden and general relativity". Class. Quantum Grav. 10: 187. .
- Kox, Anne J. (2011). "Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (in Dutch)". Nederlands Tijdschirft voor Natuurkunde 77 (12): 441.
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