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Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; pinyin: Húnán; Loudspeaker.png listen (info • help)) is a province of South Central China, in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (The characters in the name Hunan mean "lake" and "south"[1]). Hunan is sometimes called 湘|湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province.

Its major cities are Changde, Changsha, Chenzhou, Hengyang, Huaihua, Loudi, Shaoyang, Xiangtan, Yiyang, Yongzhou, Yueyang, Zhangjiajie and Zhuzhou.