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Iraqi Kurdistan




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Iraqi Kurdistan
(Kurdistan Region)


ھەرێمی کوردستان (Kurdish)
Herêmî Kurdistan
Flag of Iraqi Kurdistan
Anthem: 
Location of Iraqi Kurdistan
Capital
and largest city
Hewlêr (Erbil / Arbil)
Demonym(s)Iraqi
GovernmentParliamentary democracy
• President
Massoud Barzani
Nechirvan Barzani
Autonomous region
• Accord signed
March 11, 1970
• De facto autonomy
October, 1991
• Regional government established
July 4, 1992
January 30, 2005
Area
• Total
40,643 km2 (15,692 sq mi)
Population
• 2013 estimate
5,500,000-6,500,000
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$23.6 bn[1]
• Per capita
$4,452[1]
CurrencyIraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zoneUTC+3
Driving sideright
Calling code+964
Internet TLD.iq

Iraqi Kurdistan also known as Kurdistan Region (Kurdish: هەرێمى كوردستان, Herêma Kurdistan, Arabic: إقليم كردستان العراق) is a partial self-governing region north of Iraq, south of Turkey east of Iran and west of Syria. Its capital is Arbil and it's called Hewlêr in Kurdish.

The area is 80,000 km² and 5,500,000 people live there.

Geography

The numbers show Iraqi Kurdistan

Iraqi Kurdistan is a huge mountain range, where the highest point is 3.611 meters, known as Cheekha Dar. The biggest lake is Dukan.

Iraqi Kurdistan is divided into 6 provinces.

  • 3 of the provinces that are under control of Iraqi Kurdistan are:

1.As Sulaymaniyah (Silemanî)

2.Arbil (Hewlêr)

3.Dahuk (Duhok)

  • The provinces that are a part of Iraqi Kurdistan are:

4.Diyala

5.Kirkuk

6.Ninawa

Demographics

The population in Iraqi Kurdistan is about 5-6 million. Most of these people are Sunni Muslims. There are also many Yazidis, Kakeyís and Christians. Kurds make the ethnic majority in the region while the Turkmen, Assyrians, Armenians and Arabs make up the rest of the western part of the area.

References