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James G. Blaine
James G. Blaine
|31st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives|
March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1875
|President||Ulysses S. Grant|
|Preceded by||Theodore M. Pomeroy|
|Succeeded by||Michael C. Kerr|
|31st United States Secretary of State|
March 7, 1889 – June 4, 1892
|Preceded by||Thomas F. Bayard|
|Succeeded by||John W. Foster|
|28th United States Secretary of State|
March 7, 1881 – December 19, 1881
|Preceded by||William M. Evarts|
|Succeeded by||Frederick T. Frelinghuysen|
|United States Senator |
July 10, 1876 – March 5, 1881
|Preceded by||Lot M. Morrill|
|Succeeded by||William P. Frye|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Maine's 3rd district
March 4, 1863 – July 10, 1876
|Preceded by||Samuel C. Fessenden|
|Succeeded by||Edwin Flye|
James Gillespie Blaine
January 31, 1830
West Brownsville, Pennsylvania
|Died||January 27, 1893 (aged 62)|
|Spouse(s)||Harriet Stanwood Blaine|
|Children||Stanwood Blaine, Walker Blaine, Emmons Blaine, Alice Blaine Coppinger, James Blaine Jr, Margaret Blaine Damrosch, Harriet Blaine Beale|
|Alma mater||Washington College|
James Gillespie Blaine (January 31, 1830 – January 27, 1893) was an American Republican politician. He was a United States Representative. He was the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. He was a U.S. Senator from Maine. He was the Secretary of State twice. He was also nominated to be President.
Blaine was born on January 31, 1830 in West Brownsville, Pennsylvania. He was the third child of Ephraim Lyon Blaine and his wife Maria Gillespie Blaine. He was educated at Washington College and later met his wife Harriet Stanwood. They married in 1850 and they had seven children.
Blaine would later served as the Senator from Maine from 1876 through 1881. Secondly he served as the Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maine's 3rd district from 1863 until 1876. Then as the 28th and 31st United States Secretary of State from 1881 through 1881 and then again in 1889 through 1892.
On July 2, 1881, Blaine and President James A. Garfield were walking in the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station in Washington, D.C. when Charles J. Guiteau shot Garfield in the back. Blaine resigned as Secretary of State several months later.
The Republicans nominated Blaine for President in 1884 but Grover Cleveland won the election.
Blaine died just 4 days short from his 63rd birthday on January 27, 1893 in his Washington, D.C. home from a heart attack, aged 62. He was later buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington, D.C. and was later re-buried in Blaine Memorial Park, Augusta, Maine, in 1920. Blaine was hypochondriac.
- "James G. Blaine, Presidential Contender" from C-SPAN's The Contenders
- Bastert, Russell H. (March 1956). "Diplomatic Reversal: Frelinghuysen's Opposition to Blaine's Pan-American Policy in 1882". The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 42 (4): 653–671.
- Langley, Lester D. (1974). "James Gillespie Blaine: The Ideologue as Diplomat". In Merli, Frank J.; Wilson, Theodore A.. Makers of American Diplomacy: From Benjamin Franklin to Henry Kissinger. New York, New York: Scribner. pp. 253–278.
- Makemson, Harlen (2004–05). "One Misdeed Evokes Another: How Political Cartoonists Used 'Scandal Intertextuality' Against Presidential Candidate James G. Blaine". Media History Monographs 7 (2): 1–21. http://facstaff.elon.edu/dcopeland/mhm/volume7.htm.
- Peskin, Allan (1979). "Blaine, Garfield and Latin America". Americas: a Quarterly Review of Inter-American Cultural History 36 (1): 79–89.
- Tyler, Alice Felt (1927). The Foreign Policy of James G. Blaine. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.