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James I of Scotland

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King James I of Scotland
King of Scots
James I of Scotland.jpg
Reign April 4, 1406 – February 21, 1437
Coronation May 2 or 21, 1424
Born December 10, 1394(1394-12-10) Edinburgh Castle
Died February 21, 1437(1437-02-21) (aged 42)
Place of death Perth
Buried Perth Charterhouse
Predecessor Robert III
Successor James II
Consort Joan Beaufort
Royal House Stewart
Father Robert III
Mother Annabella Drummond

James I (December 10, 1394 – February 21, 1437) was King of Scots from April 4, 1406, and ruled as King of Scots from May 1424 until February 21, 1437.


He made many economic and legal changes. For instance, he tried to change the Parliament of Scotland to suit English lines. Many of his actions were useful, but they also upset many people. Therefore during the later years of his reign his ability was questioned, but when the king threw a party on February 21, 1437, he was assassinated by a group of Scots led by Sir Robert Graham. He attempted to escape his attackers through a sewer but could not because the sewer was blocked. A wave of executions followed, including the king's uncle, Sir Walter Sterwart and Sir Robert Steward.


  • E W M Balfour-Melville, James I King of Scots, London 1936