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Kōan (Muromachi period)
Kōan (康安) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) of the Northern Court during the Nanboku-chō period after Enbun and before Jōji. The period started in March 1361 and ended in September 1362. During this time, the pretender in Kyoto was Go-Kōgon-tennō (後光厳天皇). Go-Kōgon's Southern Court rival in Yoshino during this time was Go-Murakami-tennō (後村上天皇).
Events of the Kōan era
- 1361 (Kōan 1, 6th month): Snowfall was unusually heavy; and there was also a disastrous fire in Kyoto as well as a violent earthquake.
- 1361 (Kōan 1): Eigen-ji was founded. It is a Zen Buddhist temple in what is now Shiga Prefecture.
- 1362 (Kōan 2): Hosokawa Kiyouji and Kusunoki Masanori attack Kyoto. Ashikaga Yoshiakira fled.
Southern Court nengō
- Shōhei, 1346–1370
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kōan" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 535.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Kōgon Tennō," p. 255; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 302-305.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Murakami Tennō," p. 257.
- Titsingh, p. 305.
- Eigen-ji, Joint Council for Japanese Rinzai and Obaku Zen, "Head temples;" Dumoulin, Heinrich. (2005). Zen Buddhism: A History, p. 205.
- Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron, p.329.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar"
|Northern Court nengō: