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Lake Biwa is at the center of this prefecture. The lake divides the prefecture into four areas:
- Kohoku (湖北), north of lake and centered at Nagahama
- Kosei (湖西), west of lake and centered at Imazu
- Kotō (湖東), east of lake and centered at Hikone
- Konan (湖南), south of lake and centered at Ōtsu
Cities in Shiga Prefecture include
- Ōtsu (capital)
National Parks are established in about 37% of the total land area of the prefecture.
- Shiga University (Hikone and Otsu)
- Shiga University of Medical Science (Otsu)
- University of Shiga Prefecture (Hikone)
- Shiga Junior College (Otsu)
- Shiga Bunkyo Junior College (Nagahama)
- Seian University of Art and Design (Otsu)
- Seisen University (Hikone)
- Nagahama Institute of Bio-Science and Technology (Nagahama)
- Biwako-Gakuin University (Higashiomi)
- Biwako-Gakuin College (Higashiomi)
- Biwako Seikei Sport College (Otsu)
- Ritsumeikan University (Kyoto and Kusatsu)
- Ryukoku University (Kyoto and Otsu)
Shiga has agreements with three states.
Shrines and Temples
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shiga-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 853; "Kansai" at p. 477; JETRO, Shiga Prefecture, Regional Information Archived 2013-01-22 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-4-6.
- Nussbaum, "Ōtsu" at p. 765.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
- Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-14.
- Shiga Prefecture. "滋賀県内の大学・短期大学" (in Japanese). http://www.pref.shiga.jp/daigaku/. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- Shiga Prefecture. "滋賀県の紹介（滋賀県の国際交流 姉妹・友好都市）" (in Japanese). http://www.pref.shiga.jp/profile/kokusai/. Retrieved 2010-11-25.
- "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 1; retrieved 2012-3-14.
- Shiga-ken hyakka jiten (滋賀県百科事典, trans., Encyclopedia Shiga), 1984. Tokyo: Yamato Shobo.
- Shiga Prefecture official page Archived 2013-01-20 at the Wayback Machine
- go.biwako - Travel Guide of Shiga Prefecture, Japan (Biwako Visitors Bureau)