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Shiga Prefecture

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Flag of Shiga Prefecture.svg
Emblem of Shiga Prefecture.svg

Shiga Prefecture (滋賀県 Shiga-ken?) is a prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital is the city of Ōtsu.[2]


Shiga used to be called Ōmi Province or Gōshū before Japan began using the prefectural system.[3]


Shiga borders Fukui Prefecture in the north Gifu Prefecture is in the east. Mie Prefecture is in the southeast. Kyoto Prefecture is in the west.

Lake Biwa is at the center of this prefecture. The lake divides the prefecture into four areas:

  • Kohoku (湖北?), north of lake and centered at Nagahama
  • Kosei (湖西?), west of lake and centered at Imazu
  • Kotō (湖東?), east of lake and centered at Hikone
  • Konan (湖南?), south of lake and centered at Ōtsu


Cities in Shiga Prefecture include

National Parks

National Parks are established in about 37% of the total land area of the prefecture.[4]


University of Shiga Prefecture

There are ten universities, two junior colleges, and a learning center of The Open University of Japan in Shiga.[5]

Sister states

Shiga has agreements with three states.[6]

Shrines and Temples

Takebe jinja is the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [7]

Related pages


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shiga-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 853; "Kansai" at p. 477; JETRO, Shiga Prefecture, Regional Information Archived 2013-01-22 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  2. Nussbaum, "Ōtsu" at p. 765.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-14.
  5. Shiga Prefecture. "滋賀県内の大学・短期大学" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2011-05-08. 
  6. Shiga Prefecture. "滋賀県の紹介(滋賀県の国際交流 姉妹・友好都市)" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  7. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 1; retrieved 2012-3-14.

Further reading

  • Shiga-ken hyakka jiten (滋賀県百科事典?, trans., Encyclopedia Shiga), 1984. Tokyo: Yamato Shobo.

Other websites

Media related to Shiga prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 35°7′N 136°4′E / 35.117°N 136.067°E / 35.117; 136.067