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Konrad Adenauer

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Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of Germany
In office
15 September 1949 – 16 October 1963
President Theodor Heuss
Heinrich Lübke
Deputy Franz Blücher
Ludwig Erhard
Preceded by Lutz von Krosigk
(Leading Minister)
Succeeded by Ludwig Erhard
Personal details
Born 5 January 1876(1876-01-05)
Cologne, German Empire
Died 19 April 1967(1967-04-19) (aged 91)
Bad Honnef, West Germany
Political party Centre Party
Christian Democratic Union
Spouse(s) Emma Weyer
Auguste Zinsser
Children 8
Alma mater University of Freiburg
University of Munich
University of Bonn
Religion Roman Catholicism

Dr. Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer (born 5 January 1876 in Cologne; died 19 April 1967 in Rhöndorf (part of Bad Honnef)). From 1949 to 1963 he was the first Bundeskanzler (chancellor) of the Federal Republic of Germany and from 1951 to 1955 was foreign secretary the same time.

Adenauer was the third of five children of a court secretary in Cologne. His family was Catholic. Konrad Adenauer started his political career in 1906 in the city assembly of Cologne. From 1917 to 1933 and again in 1945 he was mayor of Cologne. Adenauer was member of the Catholic Zentrum Party. When the Nazi Party took power he lost his job. At first he worked with the Nazis, but after the conspiracy to kill Hitler failed in 1944 he hid for his own safety.

After the war he became mayor of Cologne again, but lost the job after a few months.

In the Parlamentarischer Rat of West Germany, he was one of the top politicians and the President. He founded the CDU at the same time. He was important in making Bonn the West German capital instead of Frankfurt am Main.

In 1949 he was elected as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. He made sure West Germany joined the side of the western capitalist countries in the Cold War. He also helped West Germany join NATO. He was reelected three times.

In 1964 he stopped being chancellor. He was a member of the Bundestag until his death at 91 years old.

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