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Marne




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Flag of Marne
Flag
Coat of arms of Marne
Coat of arms
Location of Marne in France
Location of Marne in France
Coordinates: 49°00′N 04°15′E / 49.000°N 4.250°E / 49.000; 4.250Coordinates: 49°00′N 04°15′E / 49.000°N 4.250°E / 49.000; 4.250
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureChâlons-en-Champagne
SubprefecturesÉpernay, Reims, Sainte-Menehould, Vitry-le-François
Government
 • PresidentRené-Paul Savary
Area
 • Total8,161.6 km2 (3,151.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[2]
 • Total570,817
 • Density69.9394/km2 (181.1421/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-51
Arrondissements5
Cantons23
Communes616
WebsiteMarne Council

Marne is a department in northeastern France named after the river Marne which flows through the department. The prefecture (capital) of Marne is Châlons-en-Champagne (formerly known as Châlons-sur-Marne).

The Champagne vineyards producing the world-famous sparkling wine are located within Marne.

History

Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Châlons-sur-Marne as is capital. It was formed with part of the former province of Champagne.[3]

It was divided in six districts: Châlons-sur-Marne, Reims, Épernay, Sézanne, Sainte-Menehould and Vitry-le-François.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into five arrondissements: Châlons-sur-Marne, Épernay, Reims, Sainte-Menehould and Vitry-le-François.[3]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Sainte-Menehould was eliminated but in 1940 Sainte-Menehould was made again an arrondissement.[3]

In 1995, the name of Châlons-sur-Marne was changed to Châlons-en-Champagne but it was rejected in 1997. But, finally, this change was accepted in 1998.

Geography

The Marne department is in the Grand Est region after being part of the Champagne-Ardenne region till 2016. It is surrounded by 6 departments in 3 regions:

Marne has an area of 8,161.6 km2 (3,151 sq mi),[2] the 7th largest department of the Metropolitan France. The department is 116 km (72 mi) long from Villeneuve-la-Lionne to Trois-Fontaines-l'Abbaye, and 97 km (60 mi) wide from Cormicy to Clesles.

Vineyard in Cramant.

There are three geographic regions in the department:

  1. The Champagne crayeuse in the centre of the department; it is a plain where cereals are grown.
  2. A region with low hills in the eastern part of the department.
  3. Champagne vineyards, in the western part of the deparment. Here is the Montagne de Reims ("Mountain of Reims") where are the highest points of the department in the forests of the Verzey commune; several hills are 286 m (938 ft) high (49°8′19″N 04°9′12″E / 49.13861°N 4.15333°E / 49.13861; 4.15333 (Foret Domaniale de Verzey)).[4]

The Marne river flows through the department from the southeast to the west.

Climate

This area is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Châlons-en-Champagne is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 627.4 mm (24.7 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is July with 61 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0 °C (32 °F)

Administration

Marne is managed by the Departmental Council of Marne in Châlons-en-Champagne. The department is part of the Grand Est region.

Administrative divisions

There are 5 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 616 communes (municipalities) in Marne.[6]

Arrondissements of Marne
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[7]
(2014)
Area[7]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
511 Châlons-en-Champagne Châlons-en-Champagne 103,110 1,778.3 58.0 100
512 Épernay Épernay 109,771 2,332.7 47.1 181
513 Reims Reims 296,374 1,525.7 194.3 155
514 Vitry-le-François Vitry-le-François 47,741 1,503.6 31.8 113
515 Sainte-Menehould Sainte-Menehould 13,821 1,021.3 13.5 67

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Marne department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[8]

  1. Argonne Suippe et Vesle (5101)
  2. Bourgogne (5102)
  3. Châlons-en-Champagne-1 (5103)
  4. Châlons-en-Champagne-2 (5104)
  5. Châlons-en-Champagne-3 (5105)
  6. Dormans-Paysages de Champagne (5106)
  7. Épernay-1 (5107)
  8. Épernay-2 (5108)
  9. Fismes-Montagne de Reims (5109)
  10. Mourmelon-Vesle et Monts de Champagne (5110)
  11. Reims-1 (5111)
  12. Reims-2 (5112)
  13. Reims-3 (5113)
  14. Reims-4 (5114)
  15. Reims-5 (5115)
  16. Reims-6 (5116)
  17. Reims-7 (5117)
  18. Reims-8 (5118)
  19. Reims-9 (5119)
  20. Sermaize-les-Bains (5120)
  21. Sézanne-Brie et Champagne (5121)
  22. Vertus-Plaine Champenoise (5122)
  23. Vitry-le-François-Champagne et Der (5123)

Demographics

The inhabitants of the Marne department are known, in French, as Marnais (women: Marnaises),[9]

Marne had a population, in 2014, of 570,817,[2] for a population density of 69.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Reims, with 296,374 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[7]

Evolution of the population in Marne <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:400 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:50 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:600000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:100000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:50000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo BarData=

 bar:1968 text:1968
 bar:1975 text:1975
 bar:1982 text:1982
 bar:1990 text:1990
 bar:1999 text:1999
 bar:2008 text:2008
 bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

 color:barra width:30 align:left
 bar:1968 from:0 till: 485388
 bar:1975 from:0 till: 530399
 bar:1982 from:0 till: 543627
 bar:1990 from:0 till: 558217
 bar:1999 from:0 till: 565153
 bar:2008 from:0 till: 566010
 bar:2014 from:0 till: 570817

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 485388 fontsize:S text: 485,388 shift:(-13,7)
bar:1975 at: 530399 fontsize:S text: 530,399 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 543627 fontsize:S text: 543,627 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 558217 fontsize:S text: 558,217 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 565153 fontsize:S text: 565,153 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2008 at: 566010 fontsize:S text: 566,010 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 570817 fontsize:S text: 570,817 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

The 10 communes with more inhabitants in the Marne department are:[10]

City Population
(2014)
Arrondissement
Reims 183,042 Reims
Châlons-en-Champagne 45,002 Châlons-en-Champagne
Épernay 23,176 Épernay
Vitry-le-François 13,144 Vitry-le-François
Tinqueux 10,096 Reims
Bétheny 6,473 Reims
Cormontreuil 6,210 Reims
Aÿ-Champagne 5,795 Épernay
Saint-Memmie 5,583 Châlons-en-Champagne
Mourmelon-le-Grand 5,379 Châlons-en-Champagne

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Président du Conseil départemental" (in French). La Marne rn ligne. http://www.marne.fr/le-departement/le-conseil-general/assemblee/president-du-conseil-general-de-la-marne. Retrieved 3 December 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Département de la Marne (51)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-51. Retrieved 3 December 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique de la Marne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/51his.html. Retrieved 4 December 2016. 
  4. "Foret Domaniale de Verzey, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=29508. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  5. "Chalons-sur-Marne, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=71691&cityname=Chalons-sur-Marne%2C+Champagne-Ardenne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  6. "Département de la Marne (51)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP51-marne. Retrieved 12 July 2017. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Département de la Marne (51) et Arrondissements" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-51+ARR-511+ARR-512+ARR-513+ARR-514+ARR-515. Retrieved 12 July 2017. 
  8. "Décret n° 2014-208 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Marne" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028652500. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  9. "Habitants du départment: Marne (51)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/marne-51. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  10. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep51.pdf. Retrieved 12 July 2017. 

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