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Murray-Darling Basin

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Map of the Murray–Darling Basin

The Murray-Darling Basin is an area in Australia around the Murray and Darling Rivers. Three million Australians inside and outside the basin are directly dependent on its water.

About 6 per cent of Australia's total rainwater falls into the Murray-Darling Basin.[1] About 85 per cent of all irrigation in Australia takes place in the basin, which supports an agricultural industry worth more than $9 billion per annum.

The Murray-Darling Basin covers 1,061,469 square kilometres (409,835 sq mi) or approximately one-seventh (14%) of the total area of Australia.

Over two million people live in the Basin.


  1. Prideaux, Bruce (2009). "River Heritage: the Murray–Darling River". In Prideaux, Bruce; Cooper, Malcolm. River Tourism. Wallingford, United Kingdom: CAB International. p. 167. ISBN 1-84593-468-7 .