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Nenets Autonomous Okrug




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Map of Nenets Autonomous Okrug within Russia.
Upclose map of Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
The capital of the okrug, Naryan-Mar (Нарьян-Мар), in 2014.

The Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Russian: Не́нецкий автоно́мный о́круг, Nyenetskiy avtonomnyy okrug, Nenets: Ненёцие автономной ӈокрук, Nenjocije awtonomnoj ŋokruk) is a federal subjects of Russia. It is located in northwestern Russia. The capital is Naryan-Mar. The okrug has a population of 44,110 (2020 census), making it the least populated federal subject in Russia.

Economy

The oil and gas industry make up 99% of the okrug's industrial activity.[1] In 2015, the okrug had the highest gross domestic product in Russia.[2][3]

Climate

Much of the okrug has Subarctic climate. This means the okrug experiences mild and short summers, along with long and very cold winters. Most of the okrug is also above the arctic circle, meaning polar nights occur every year.

Demographics

In 2010, ethnic Russians were 66.1% of the population. Nenets were 18.6% of the population, the Komi people were 9.0% of the population and other ethnicities were 6.3% of the population.

Ethnicity 1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census
Russians 67.5% 68.8% Increase 64.5% Decrease 65.8% Increase 65.8% Steady 62.4% Decrease 66.1% Increase
Nenets 11.8% 10.9% Decrease 15.0% Increase 12.8% Decrease 11.9% Decrease 18.7% Increase 18.6% Decrease
Komi 12.6% 11.0% Decrease 13.7% Increase 10.9% Decrease 9.5% Decrease 10.9% Increase 9.0% Decrease
Others 8.1% 9.3% Increase 6.9% Decrease 10.5% Increase 12.8% Increase 8.0% Decrease 6.3% Decrease
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

In 1989, the population was at 54,840 people, but a rapid decrease in population occurred shortly afterwards. The population has seen a slow increase since 2002.

References

Other websites