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New York

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State of New York
Flag of New York State seal of New York
Flag of New York Seal
Nickname(s): The Empire State
Motto(s): Excelsior
Map of the United States with New York highlighted
Official language None
Capital Albany
Largest city New York City
Area Ranked 27th
 - Total 54,520 sq mi
(141,205 km2)
 - Width 285 miles (455 km)
 - Length 330 miles (530 km)
 - % water 13.3
 - Latitude 40°29'40"N to 45°0'42"N
 - Longitude 71°47'25"W to 79°45'54"W
Number of people Ranked 3rd
 - Total 18,976,457
 - Density 401.92/sq mi  (155.18/km2)
Ranked 6th
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Mount Marcy[1]
5,344 ft (1,629 m)
 - Average 1,000 ft  (305 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[1]
sea level
Became part of the U.S. July 26, 1788 (11th)
Governor Andrew Cuomo(D)
U.S. Senators Charles Schumer (D)
Kirsten E. Gillibrand (D)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations NY, US-NY

New York is one of the 50 states of the United States of America. It was one of the first thirteen states. It is well known for having the city of the same name, "New York City", in the southeastern part of the state.

New York is in the northeastern United States, bordered by Lake Ontario and Canada on the north, Lake Erie and Canada on the west, Pennsylvania on the west and south, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on the east, and New Jersey on the south and west of New York City.

New York also has Long Island. Long Island is a large island in the Atlantic Ocean. Parts of New York City, Queens and Brooklyn, are on Long Island. The larger part of New York, north and northwest of New York City and Long Island, is called "Upstate New York". Some cities in Upstate include Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, and the state capital Albany. These places became cities because of the Erie Canal.

New York City is the largest city in the state, but Albany is the capital. Between 1788 and 1797, the Legislature moved the state capital around between Albany, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and New York City. Albany became the permanent capital from 1797.[2]

New York was orginally New Netherland, started by the Dutch Empire in the early 17th century. Late in the century, it surrendered to a British fleet and became part of the British Empire. Several important battles of the American Revolution were fought in New York and it joined the new United States.

The United States Census Bureau says that, as of 2005, New York had the third most people (population) in the United States, after California and Texas. New York's estimated population is 19,297,729.[3]

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