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|Born||June 23, 1925|
Halifax, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
|Died||January 10, 2017 (aged 91)|
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States
|Institutions||University of Toronto|
University of Wisconsin–Madison
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
|Alma mater||Balliol College, University of Oxford|
|Known for||Gel electrophoresis, gene targeting|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2007)|
Much later, he worked on the technique of homologous recombination of transgenic DNA with genomic DNA. This is the most reliable method of altering animal genomes at present, and the technique behind gene targeting and knockout mice.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007". The Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2007/index.html. Retrieved 2007-10-08.
- Smithies, Oliver (1955-12). "Zone electrophoresis in starch gels: group variations in the serum proteins of normal human adults". The Biochemical Journal 61 (4): 629–641. . . . https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13276348. Retrieved 2009-08-04.