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The Parthenon east façade

The Parthenon is a temple in the middle of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece (Europe). It was a temple to Athena for nearly 2000 years. The name Parthenon means the virgin's place in Greek.[1] It was built between 447 BC and 432 BC during the reign of Pericles.[1] It is considered one of Greece's greatest architecture accomplishments.[1] The building was constructed using limestone foundations and 22,000 tons of pentelic marble. The building was designed by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates.[1] It has 46 Doric columns which support the roof, with 8 across the front and back, and 17 on each side.[1] Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin took the some of the sculptures, now called the Elgin Marbles, from the Parthenon in 1759. They have been on display in the British Museum since 1816.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Parthenon - Credo Reference Topic". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved 17 May 2011.