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Piet Mondrian

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Piet Mondrian
Piet Mondrian in 1922
Birth name Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan
Born 7 March 1872(1872-03-07)
Amersfoort, Netherlands
Died 1 February 1944(1944-02-01) (aged 71)
New York City
Nationality Dutch
Field Painting
Movement De Stijl
Influenced by Hague School, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Bart van der Leck, Theo van Doesburg
Tableau I (Piet Mondriaan, 1921)

Piet Mondrian (7 March 1872 – 1 February 1944) was a Dutch modern artist of the De stijl group. His early paintings show abstract landscapes in post-impressionist and cubist style.

He painted in an increasingly abstract style, until he finally achieved the style which made him famous. By 1920, he adopts a totally abstract motif, with an irregular checkerboard drawn with black lines, and with the spaces paints mostly white or sometimes in the primary colors of blue, red and yellow. This style is geometric abstraction with primary color.

Mondrian painted about 250 of these geometric abstracts, from 1917 to 1944. Mondrian called his style “neoplasticism”.

Escaping in 1940 from a Europe at war, Mondrian spent the last four years of his life in New York City. His paintings of that time express exuberance at city life. In his final painting, Broadway Boogie Woogie (1942/43), the checkerboard lines, previously black, are now painted blue, gray, red and yellow. The yellow was apparently inspired by New York’s Yellow cabs.

Further reading

  • Bax, Marty 2002. Complete Mondrian. Lund Humphries, London.

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 978-0-85331-803-3
  • Bois, Yve-Alain et al. 1995. Piet Mondrian: 1872-1944. Bulfinch Press.

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 978-0-8212-2164-8
  • Busignani, Alberto 1968. Mondrian: the life and work of the artist, illustrated by 80 colour plates. London: Thames and Hudson.
  • Locher, Hans 1994. Piet Modrian: colour, structure and symbolism. Verlag Gachnang & Springer, Bern, Switzerland.

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 978-3-906127-44-6
  • Milner, John 1992. Mondrian. London: Phaidon.

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 0-7148-2659-6
  • Seuphor, Michel & Harry N. Abrams 1955. Piet Mondrian, life and work.