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Pope Benedict XIV

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Benedict XIV
Papacy began17 August 1740
Papacy ended3 May 1758
PredecessorPope Clement XII
SuccessorPope Clement XIII
Personal details
Birth nameProspero Lorenzo Lambertini
Born(1675-03-31)31 March 1675
Died3 May 1758(1758-05-03) (aged 83)
Other Popes named Benedict

Pope Benedict XIV (Latin: Benedictus Quartus DecimusLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.; 31 March 1675 – 3 May 1758), born Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 248th Pope from 1740 until his death in 1758.[1]

Early life

Lambertini was born in Bologna.[2]


In 1725, Lambertini was made Bishop of Theodosia. He became the Bishop of Ancona in 1727. He was made Bishop of Bologna in 1731.[2]


lambertini was raised to the rank of cardinal in 1728.[2]


He was elected Pope in 1740;[2] and he chose to be called Benedict XIV.[3]

Benedict confirms the title of King of Prussia, which was taken in 1701 by the Elector of Brandenburg.[2]

The pope remained neutral in the War of the Spanish Succession.[4]

Benedict ordered the construction of the Fountains of Trevi.[4]

During Benedict's reign, the creation of a Vatican Library catalogue was begun.[2]

Related pages


The Coat of Arms of Benedict XIV
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-8.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Pope Benedict XIV," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  3. Note on ordinal numbering: Popes Benedict XI–XVI are really the 10th–15th popes with that name. This is because Benedict X is now parsed as an antipope; but during the reign of Benedict XI, this was not recognized. The "true" or actual thirteenth pope Benedict identified himself with the ordinal number XIV. In other words, the numbering of popes after the 10th Benedict needs to be explained -- compare Popes Boniface VIII–IX.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1833). "Benedict XIV," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 4, p. 215.

Other websites

Media related to Benedictus XIV at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Clement XII
Succeeded by
Clement XIII