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Pope Celestine III




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Celestine III
Papacy began 21 March 1191
Papacy ended 8 January 1198
Predecessor Pope Clement III
Successor Pope Innocent III
Personal details
Birth name Giacinto Bobone
Born 1106
Rome
Died January 8, 1198
Rome

Other Popes named Celestine

Pope Celestine III (Latin: Coelestinus Tertius; 1106 – 8 January 1198), born Giacinto Bobone, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 176th Pope from 1191 until his death in 1198.[1]

Early life

He was born into the noble Orsini family in Rome.[2]

Cardinal

In 1145, he is raised to the rank of cardinal.[3]

Pope

Cardinal Bobone was elected pope on March 30, 1191; and he chose to be called Celestine III.[2]

Pope Celestine was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2] He crowned the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI. He excommunicated Duke Leopold of Austria and King Alonso IX of Leon.[4]

After becoming pope, he was ordained a priest on April 13, 1191.

Related pages

References

Emblem of the popes
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Pope Celestine III," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-3.
  3. Beckett, William. (1836). "Celestine III," A Universal Biography, Vol. 1, p. 720.
  4. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1836). "Celestine III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 6, p. 400.

Further reading

Other websites

Media related to Caelestinus III at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
Clement III
Pope
1191–1198
Succeeded by
Innocent III