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Pope Pius IX
|Blessed Pius IX|
|Papacy began||June 16, 1846|
|Papacy ended||7 February, 1878|
|Predecessor||Pope Gregory XVI|
|Successor||Pope Leo XIII|
May 31, 1792 |
Senigallia, Marche, Papal States
February 7, 1878 (aged 85) |
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
|Motto||Crux de Cruce|
Pope Pius IX (Latin: Pius PP. IX, Italian: Pio IX; May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Feretti, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 256th Pope 1846 until his death. Only Saint Peter himself led the church longer than the 32-year reign of Pius IX.
Cardinal Mastai-Feretti was elected Pope in 1846; and he took the name Pius IX.
In 1846, Piux IX declared an amnesty for political prisoners.
In 1848 he ordered that the gates to the Jewish ghetto in Rome be knocked down.
In 1849, Pius was deposed as the temporal ruler of the Papal States. As a result of Italian nationalism and the Risorgimento, the pope spent his last years a virtual prisoner within the Vatican.
First Vatican Council
Pius died at age 85.
After his death
The process of recognizing Pius IX as a saint began in 1907.
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
- Stanley, Alessandra. "Italian Jews Denounce Vatican's Decision to Beatify Pius IX," New York Times. 28 June 2000; retrieved 2013-3-18.
- "Pope Pius IX," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "The Papal Golden Jubilee," New York Times. June 4, 1877; retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Pius IX 'Recognized'; Step Toward the Beatification of 19th Century Pope Taken," New York Times. November 20, 1956; retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Vatican Council," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "Papal Infallibility; What Pius IX. Himself is Credited With Saying," New York Times. August 9, 1871; retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Pius IX," New York Times. February 8, 1878; retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Body of Pope Pius IX Exhumed in Ceremony," New York Times." October 26, 1956; retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Pope Plans October Decree Of Beatification of Pius IX," New York Times. August 22, 1962; retrieved 2011-1101.
- Kertazer, David I. (1997). The Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara. New York: Knopf. 10-ISBN 0679450319/13-ISBN 9780679450313; 10-ISBN 0679768173/13-ISBN 9780679768173; OCLC 35829023
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