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Papal States

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State of the Church
Stato della Chiesa
Status Ecclesiasticus




Interregna (1798–1799, 1809–1814 and 1849)
[[Flag of Vatican City|Flag (1825–1849, 1849–1870)]] Coat of arms until 19th century
File:Gran Marcia Trionfale (Vittorino Hallmayr).ogg
The Papal States in 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars
Map of the Papal States (green) in 1700, including its exclaves of Benevento and Pontecorvo in Southern Italy, and the Comtat Venaissin and Avignon in Southern France.
Capital Rome
Language(s) Latin, Italian, Occitan
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Theocratic absolute elective monarchy
 - 754–757 Stephen II (first)
 - 1846–1870 Pius IX (last)
Cardinal Secretary of State
 - 1551–1555 Girolamo Dandini (first)
 - 1848–1870 Giacomo Antonelli (last)
Prime Minister
 - 1848 Gabriele Ferretti (first)
 - 1848 Giuseppe Galletti (last)
 - Establishment 754
 - Codification 781
 - Treaty of Venice (independence from the Holy Roman Empire) 1177
 - 1st disestablishment February 15, 1798
 - Schönbrunn Palace Declarations May 17, 1809
 - 2nd disestablishment September 20, 1870
 - Vatican City February 11, 1929
 - 1853[1] est. 3,124,668 
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Byzantine Empire
Roman Republic (18th century)
First French Empire
Roman Republic (19th century)
Roman Republic (18th century)
First French Empire
Roman Republic (19th century)
Kingdom of Italy
Prisoner in the Vatican
Today part of
Warning: Value not specified for "continent"

The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Italian: Stato della Chiesa, Italian pronunciation: [ˈstato della ˈkjɛːza]; Latin: Status Ecclesiasticus;[2] also Dicio Pontificia), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula under the direct sovereign rule of the Pope, from the 8th century until 1870.

By 1861, much of the Papal States' territory had been conquered by the Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the Pope lost Lazio and Rome and had no physical territory at all, except the Vatican.

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Coordinates: 42°49′16″N 12°36′10″E / 42.82111°N 12.60278°E / 42.82111; 12.60278