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Temporal range: Late Eocene-Holocene, 53–0Ma
Scientific classification
in part
A young rabbit looking through the grass.

Rabbits are mammals of the order Lagomorpha. They were classified as rodents, but are now in the Lagomorpha, with pikas and hares.

Domestic rabbits are European in origin, but now they live in many parts of the world.[1] They live in family groups, and eat vegetables, sometimes grass, hay and carrots. In the wild, these rabbits live in burrows, often called a warren.[2] Rabbits are often kept as domestic pets.[3]Cottontail rabbits are native to North America.

A male rabbit is called a buck, and a female is called a doe. A baby rabbit is called a kit. Kit is short for kitten. Rabbits have a gestation period of around 31 days. The female can have up to 10-12 kits, very rarely litters as big as 16 and as small as one. Some people have rabbits as pets. Rabbits are also raised for their meat. Rabbits are considered the same as hares by biological classification.

Since rabbits are prey animals, they are careful in open spaces. If they sense danger, they freeze and watch. Rabbit vision has a very wide field, including overhead scanning. Their enemies are foxes, wolves, coyotes, lynx, cougars, eagles, domesticated dogs, bears, raccoons, skunks, badgers, owls, minks, weasels and snakes. People are also known to shoot rabbits. Their escape method is to run for their burrow, where they are better protected. Rabbits have a complex social structure and, like dogs, they have a hierarchy. Rabbit ears probably have several functions. The main function is to give warning of predators, but they may be used for signaling, and temperature regulation.…

Rabbits As Pets

1. Personality

Rabbits can make great pets and tend to bond very closely with their owners. They can be extremely social, and love being around people, making them loyal companions. They also have a tendency to be very independent, which makes caring for them less stressful compared to other pets. Being very social and playful mammals, rabbits are easily distracted by toys. Training a rabbit can be quite easy, using similar techniques as one would train a dog.

2. Essential Equipment

In order to successfully own a rabbit, there are essential items that are needed. First, it is important to have an area that the rabbit can call home. It is recommended that this area is no smaller than 8 square meters, and somewhere that the rabbit can live comfortably and relax. It is important that this area is bunny proofed, so it is recommended to buy cable protecors and hide all electrical cords. Secondly, it is important to have a water bottle or, preferably, a water bowl that is replenished with fresh water daily. A water bottle can easily collect bacteria, and it's harder for the bunny to drink from these: whereas a water bowl will allow the rabbit to drink as they do in nature. A litter box is a great purchase because it can help potty-train the rabbit, and can easily be cleaned on either a daily basis or every other day. It is also essential to have chew-toys for a rabbit. Since they are very social and playful animals, it is important for them to have toys to play with while their owners are not able to be with them. Better yet, two neutered bunnies can be bonded and live together. That way their social needs are met and they can entertain one another.

After purchasing essential housing items for a rabbit, a new owner needs to purchase bedding for litterbox. Having newspaper handy makes cleaning the cage extremely easy and (hopefully) a little less messy.

3. Grooming

Grooming a rabbit is essential for their health and wellbeing. Purchasing a brush at a local pet shop comes in handy when grooming. It is important to groom a rabbit on a weekly basis because they tend to groom themselves obsessively, but it becomes dangerous to their health due to the fact that they swallow so much of their fur. 

4. Feeding

Rabbits are extremely easy pets to feed. It is important to make sure that they are being fed unlimited fresh hay on a daily basis. As rabbits are grazing animals, it's important they have a constant supply of hay to graze on as they please. Rabbits teeth never stop growing so their daily grazing routine helps control this growth and support healthy teeth. Providing a rabbit with fresh, well-washed vegetables every day is essential for a balanced diet and digestion. Fruits can be given to rabbits every once in a while as a snack, but it is important to keep a rabbits’ fruit intake limited due to all of the sugars. The best snack to give your bunny is leafy greens, branches and dried roots, dandelion roots and apple branches are great examples of good snacks for your bunny.

5. Exercise

In order for rabbits to live happy and healthy lives, it is important for them to exercise on a daily basis. Hopping around the rest of the house for a couple of hours a day will allow a rabbit to explore its surroundings and stay healthy, if it does not already have access to the whole home. You can also train your rabbit to go on a leash, and take it for walks outside. It is recommended to do this often.

6. Safety

Bunny-proofing a rabbit owners’ home is vital. These curious critters could to be drawn towards electrical wires, wood, shoes, furniture – basically everything within a normal household. The one thing they will not be able to stay away from is electrical wires, as they look like roots. You should not scold your bunny, but distract them with toys, roots or branches that they are allowed to chew on instead. It is important to ensure its safety, or have an area for your bunnies to hop around in that does not have any dangerous items.

7. Infections

Sometimes rabbits will get sloppy poos. If they do, you need to contact a qualified veterinarian immediately.[4] Your rabbit should always have access to fresh water and good hay no matter what. This is especially true when rabbit is kept with other animals. Several other animals have bacteria like salmonella which can infect your rabbit[5]


  1. "Irish Mammals – Rabbits". Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  2. Susan Lumpkin 2011. Rabbits : the animal answer guide. Seidensticker, John. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 9781421401263
  3. Brown, Louise 2001. How to care for your rabbit. Kingdom Books. ISBN 978-1-85279-167-4
  4. "What Can Rabbit Eat". Hoofia. Retrieved Dec 30, 2017. 
  5. Pareek, Rahul C. (2020-01-28). "What Animals Get Along With Rabbits? A Comprehensive List!" (in en-US).