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Rice cracker

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Senbei rice crackers

A Rice cracker is a Japanese snack made from rice. The traditional rice crackers are called Senbei and arare.[1] Depending on type, they are made from glutenous or non-glutenous rice.[1]


Crackers made from glutenous rice are called arare or okaki. They have a soft texture and easily dissolve in the mouth. Senbei are crackers made from non-glutinous rice and are hard with a coarse texture.[1] Arare rice crackers are often coated with spices, soy sauce or other flavorings.[2]


Rice crackers have a very old history. They originated during the time of the Han Dynasty (c. 202 BC).[3] The first Senbei description is in 737. It was a mixture of flour and rice cooked in oil. The first modern rice cracker is called Soka Senbei.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Asian Foods: Science and Technology, eds. Catharina Y.W. Ang; Keshun Liu; Yao-Wen Huang (Lancaster, PA: Technomic Publishing Company, Inc., 1999), pp. 6–7
  2. Cereals Processing Technology, ed. G. Owens (Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing, 2001), p. 97
  3. "Learn fun". 金吾堂製菓のこだわり (Kingo-do confectionery). Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  4. "草加せんべいの歴史と現在 (Soka rice cracker of history and current)". 草加市役所 (Soka City Hall). Retrieved 5 January 2015.