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Crackers made from glutenous rice are called arare or okaki. They have a soft texture and easily dissolve in the mouth. Senbei are crackers made from non-glutinous rice and are hard with a coarse texture. Arare rice crackers are often coated with spices, soy sauce or other flavorings.
Rice crackers have a very old history. They originated during the time of the Han Dynasty (c. 202 BC). The first Senbei description is in 737. It was a mixture of flour and rice cooked in oil. The first modern rice cracker is called Soka Senbei.
- Asian Foods: Science and Technology, eds. Catharina Y.W. Ang; Keshun Liu; Yao-Wen Huang (Lancaster, PA: Technomic Publishing Company, Inc., 1999), pp. 6–7
- Cereals Processing Technology, ed. G. Owens (Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing, 2001), p. 97
- "Learn fun". 金吾堂製菓のこだわり (Kingo-do confectionery). http://kingodo.co.jp/knowledge/history.html. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- "草加せんべいの歴史と現在 (Soka rice cracker of history and current)". 草加市役所 (Soka City Hall). http://www.city.soka.saitama.jp/cont/s1403/a02/a03/01.html. Retrieved 5 January 2015.