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Satyendra Nath Bose

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Satyendra Nath Bose
সত্যেন্দ্র নাথ বসু
Satyendra Nath Bose in London 1925
Born(1894-01-01)1 January 1894
Calcutta, India
Died4 February 1977(1977-02-04) (aged 83)
London, England, United Kingdom
ResidenceLondon, England, United Kingdom
FieldsPhysics and Mathematics
InstitutionsUniversity of Calcutta
The Royal Society
University of London
Cambridge University
Alma materUniversity of Calcutta
Known forBose–Einstein condensate
Bose–Einstein statistics
Bose gas
Notable awardsPadma Vibhushan
Fellow of the Royal Society
Nobel Prize for Physics

Professor Satyendra Nath Bose laid down the basics for the Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate. The boson, a kind of particle of matter, is named in his honor. He was a member of the Royal Society and was awarded India's second highest civilian award (called the Padma Vibhushan) in 1954.[1]

Bose’s works helped statistical mechanics, the electromagnetic properties of the ionosphere, the theories of X-ray crystallography, and unified field theory. This work also led Einstein to work with him.

Bose was interested in many subjects including physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy, philosophy, arts, literature and music. He worked on many research and development projects for India and England. He mostly spent his life in London.


  1. Singh, Rajinder 2016. Chemistry and Physics Nobel Prizes – India's contribution. Shaker Verlag, Aachen.

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    ISBN 978-3-8440-4669-4