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Sexism is generally defined as discrimination based on the gender of a person—looking down on people because they are male or female. Sexism may also include stereotyped roles for men and women. International laws, such as Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women or Yogyakarta Principles demand to abolish any kind of sexism. And it might affect the male or female attending a party, getting a job that means being hired, joining a game, promotion, being selected and so on. The women's rights and men's rights movements claim to fight sexism.
Although sexism is not illegal in many states and countries, it is frowned upon.[source?]
Pauline M. Leet made the word "sexism" on November 18, 1965.
World literacy is lower for females than for males. On 9 October 2012 the Pakistani schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head on her schoolbus by Taliban gunmen because she did activism for girls' rights to education.
- Mishal Husain (7 October 2013). "Malala: The girl who was shot for going to school". BBC News Magazine. http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-24379018. Retrieved 9 March 2014.