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Kingdom of Swaziland
Lobamba (royal and legislative)|
Mbabane (administrative; coordinates below)
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional and absolute monarchy|
|King Mswati III|
|Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini|
|Themba N. Masuku|
|Legislature||Parliament of Swaziland|
|House of Assembly|
• from British protection
|6 September 1968|
|17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi) (157th)|
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
• 2007 census
|68.2/km2 (176.6/sq mi) (135th)|
Swaziland is a country in Africa. It is officially the Kingdom of Swaziland (Umbuso weSwatini), and sometimes called Ngwane or Swatini. Its capital is Mbabane. The country is named after the 19th century king Mswati II.
Swaziland is a small country. It is no more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) north to south and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east to west. It is completely surrounded by land. Swaziland does not touch the sea. The two countries that touch it are Mozambique and South Africa.
Education in Swaziland is free at primary level, mainly 1st and 2nd grades. It is also free for orphaned and vulnerable children. Children are not required to attend. In 1996, the primary school enrollment rate was 90.8%. Girls and boys both attended at the primary level. In 1998, 80.5% of children reached grade five.
The University of Swaziland provides higher education.
Most of Swaziland's people are ethnically Swazi. There is also a small number of Zulu and White Africans, mostly people of British and Afrikaner descent. Swaziland also had Portuguese settlers and African refugees from Mozambique.
82.70% of the people are Christian, Christianity in Swaziland is sometimes mixed with traditional beliefs and practices. Some people think of the king as having a spiritual role.
Swaziland is divided into four districts:
The cities in Swaziland are:
|Rank||City||Census 1986||Census 1997||Calc. 2005||District|
- Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
- "Swaziland". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=91&pr.y=7&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=734&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Tables.pdf. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
- "Swaziland" "2001 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor". Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor. 2002. http://www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2001/Swaziland.htm "Swaziland". Retrieved 29 December 2009.
- U.S. Department of State. "Background Note:Swaziland". http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2841.htm. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
- M. Paul Lewis (2009). "Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition". http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=SZ. Retrieved 29 December 2009.