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Tacuinum sanitatis

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Ibn Butlan's Tacuinum sanitatis, Rhineland, 2nd half of 15th century.
Harvesting garlic, from Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 (Bibliothèque nationale, Paris).

The Tacuinum (sometimes Taccuinum) Sanitatis[1] is a medieval handbook mainly on health. It is based on the Taqwim al‑sihha تقويم الصحةLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found. ("Maintenance of Health"), an eleventh-century Arab work an health by Ibn Butlan of Baghdad.[2] The text exists in several variant Latin versions.

It describes in detail the beneficial and harmful properties of foods and plants. It explains the six essential elements for well-being:

Tacuinum Sanitatis says that illnesses result from imbalance of these elements.


  1. Forbes, Andrew ; Henley, Daniel; Henley, David (2013). 'Tacuinum Sanitatis' in: Health and Well Being: A Medieval Guide. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. ASIN:B00DQ5BKFA
  2. E. Wickersheimer, "Les Tacuini Sanitatis et leur traduction allemande par Michel Herr", Bibliothèque d'Humanisme et Renaissance 12 1950:85-97.

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