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Turkish alphabet



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The Turkish alphabet is used for writing, speaking and reading in Turkish. This alphabet is modified from the Latin alphabet. There are 29 letters in the Turkish alphabet of Turkey. The English letters, "Q", "W" and "X" are not in Turkish alphabet. Seven Turkish letters (Ç, Ğ, I, İ, Ö, Ş, and Ü) are in the Turkish alphabet.

Capital letters
A B C Ç D E F G Ğ H I İ J K L M N O Ö P R S Ş T U Ü V Y Z
Lower case letters
a b c ç d e f g ğ h ı i j k l m n o ö p r s ş t u ü v y z

There are 8 vowels in the Turkish alphabet: A,E,I,İ,O,Ö,U,Ü

There are 21 consonants in the Turkish alphabet: B, C, Ç, D, F, G, Ğ, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, R, S, Ş, T, V, Y, Z.

Letter IPA English
approximation
Letter IPA English
approximation
A a /a/ As a in father M m /m/ As m in man
B b /b/ As b in bat N n /n/ As n in nay
C c /dʒ/ As j in job O o /o/ As o in not
Ç ç /tʃ/ As ch in chat Ö ö /œ/ As u in fur
D d /d/ As d in dog P p /p/ As p in put
E e /e/ As e in red R r /ɾ/ As the r in rent
F f /f/ As f in far S s /s/ As s in sand
G g /g/ or /ɟ/ As g in gap Ş ş /ʃ/ As sh in she
Ğ ğ /ɣ/ No English equivalent T t /t/ As t in top
H h /h/ As h in hot U u /u/ As u in put
I ı /ɯ/ As e in open Ü ü /y/ As u in lute
İ i /i/ As i in fit V v /v/ As v in valve
J j /ʒ/ As g in montage Y y /j/ As y in you
K k /k/ or /c/ As c in cat Z z /z/ As z in zip
L l /ɫ/ or /l/ As l in let