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Turkmen language




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Turkmen
Türkmençe, Türkmen dili, Түркменче, Түркмен дили, تورکمن ﺗﻴلی, تورکمنچه
Native toTurkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Stavropol krai (Russia)
Native speakersca. 4 million  (1998)[1]
Language family
Turkic
Official status
Official language in Turkmenistan
Language codes
ISO 639-1tk
ISO 639-2tuk
ISO 639-3tuk
Linguaspherepart of 44-AAB-a

Turkmen (türkmençe, türkmen dili, Cyrillic: түркменче, түркмен дили, Persian: تورکمن ﺗﻴﻠی, تورکمنچه) is the national language of Turkmenistan. It is spoken by about 7,000,000 people in Turkmenistan and by an about 380,000 more people in Northwestern Afghanistan and 500,000 in Northeastern Iran.

Literature

The leading Turkmen poet is Magtymguly Pyragy, who wrote in the 1700's.

References

  1. Hendrik Boeschoten. 1998. "The Speakers of Turkic Languages," The Turkic Languages (Routledge), pp. 1–15