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Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy

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Vittorio Emanuele II
King of Italy

King of Sardinia
Reign 23 March 1849 – 17 March 1861
Predecessor Charles Albert of Sardinia
King of Italy (more...)
Reign 17 March 1861 – 9 January 1878
Successor Umberto I
Consort Adelaide of Austria
Rosa Vercellana
Maria Clotilde, Princess Napoléon
Umberto I, King of Italy
Amadeo I, King of Spain
Prince Oddone, Duke of Montferrat
Maria Pia, Queen of Portugal
Carlo Alberto, Duke of Chablais.
Full name
Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia
House House of Savoy
Father Charles Albert
Mother Maria Theresa of Austria
Born 14 March 1820
Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia
Died 9 January 1878(1878-01-09) (aged 57)
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Burial Pantheon, Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Religion Roman Catholicism

Victor Emanuel II (Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso; 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was king of Sardinia from 1849 until 17 March 1861. On that date, he took the title King of Italy to become the first king of a united Italy since the 6th century. He held that title until his death in 1878. The Italians called him "Father of the Homeland" (Italian: Padre della Patria). He is also called Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy.


Victor Emmanuel was born at the Palazzo Carignano in Turin. He was born the heir to the title of Prince of Carignano, which was one of the most senior members of the Sardinian royal court behind the monarch himself.

Titles and styles

  • 14 March 1820 - 23 March 1849: His Highness Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Savoy
  • 23 March 1849 – 17 March 1861: His Majesty The King of Sardinia
  • 17 March 1861 – 9 January 1878: His Majesty The King of Italy