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Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy

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Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Reign 29 July 1900 – 9 May 1946
Coronation 29 July 1900
Predecessor Umberto I
Successor Umberto II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Reign 9 May 1936 – 5 May 1941
Predecessor Haile Selassie I
Successor Haile Selassie I
King of the Albanians
Reign 16 April 1939 – 8 September 1943
Predecessor Zog I
Successor Title abolished
Consort Elena of Montenegro
Yolanda, Countess of Bergolo
Mafalda, Landgravine of Hesse
Umberto II
Giovanna, Queen of Bulgaria
Maria Francesca, Princess Luigi of Parma
Full name
Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia
House House of Savoy
Father Umberto I of Italy
Mother Margherita of Savoy
Born 11 November 1869(1869-11-11)
Naples, Kingdom of Italy
Died 28 December 1947(1947-12-28) (aged 78)
Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
Burial Saint Catherine's Cathedral, Alexandria, Egypt
Religion None[1][2]

Vittorio Emanuele III (11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was king of Italy from 29 July 1900 to 9 May 1946. He was the son and successor of King Umberto I. He was a member of the House of Savoy.

Early life

Vittorio was born in Naples. His mother was Queen Margherita of Savoy. He became king in 1900, at age 31, after his father was killed by Gaetano Bresci.


After World War I, Benito Mussolini started the March on Rome and Vittorio Emanuele supported him. Mussolini became the Prime Minister and dictator. Because people said Vittorio Emanuele had worked together with Mussolini too much, Italy became a republic in 1946.


  1. Ansaldo, Giovanni (2002). Il ministro della buona vita: Giovanni Giolitti e i suoi tempi. Le lettere. p. 143. ISBN 8871665856 .
  2. Argentieri, Letizia (1994). Il re borghese. Costume società nell'Italia di Vittorio Emanuele III. Mondadori. p. 72.

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