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Zhores Alferov

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Zhores Alferov
Alferov in 2012
BornZhores Ivanovich Alferov
(1930-03-15)15 March 1930
Vitebsk, Byelorussian SSR, Soviet Union
Died1 March 2019(2019-03-01) (aged 88)
Saint Petersburg, Russia
NationalitySoviet (until 1991) / Russian (since 1991)
FieldsApplied physics
InstitutionsIoffe Physico-Technical Institute
Alma materSaint Petersburg State Electrotechnical University "LETI" (old name V. I. Ulyanov Electrotechnical Institute "LETI")
Known forHeterotransistors
Notable awardsGlobal Energy Prize (2005)
Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology (2001)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2000)
Demidov Prize (1999)
Ioffe Prize (Russian Academy of Sciences, 1996)
USSR State Prize (1984)
Lenin Prize (1972)
Stuart Ballantine Medal (1971)
Order of Lenin (1986)
This person won a Nobel Prize
Zhores Ivanovich Alferov (Russian: Жоре́с Ива́нович Алфёров, [ʐɐˈrɛs ɪˈvanəvʲɪtɕ ɐɫˈfʲɵrəf]; Belarusian: Жарэс Іва́навіч Алфёраў; 15 March 1930 – 1 March 2019[1]) was a Soviet and Russian physicist and academic. He worked significantly to the creation of modern heterostructure physics and electronics. He was the inventor of the heterotransistor and the winner of 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics.

He was also a Russian politician. He was a member of the lower house of the Russian parliament the State Duma, from 1995 until 2019.

Alferov died of complications from a stroke on 1 March 2019 in Saint Petersburg, aged 88.[2]


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