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|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1140s 1150s 1160s – 1170s – 1180s 1190s 1200s|
|Years:||1176 1177 1178 – 1179 – 1180 1181 1182|
- Third Council of the Lateran condemned Waldensians and Cathars as heretics, institutes a reformation of clerical life, and creates the first "ghettos" for Jews
- Afonso I is recognized as the true King of Portugal by Pope Alexander III, bringing Portugal the protection of the Catholic Church against the Castilian monarchy
- Philip II is crowned King of France
- Aberdeen is chartered by William the Lion
- Westminster School founded by the monks of Westminster Abbey (by papal command)
- Drigung Kagyu school of Kagyu Buddhism was founded.