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Pope Alexander III
|Papacy began||7 September 1159|
|Papacy ended||30 August 1181|
|Predecessor||Pope Adrian IV|
|Successor||Pope Lucius III|
|Birth name||Orlando Bandinelli|
c. 1100 |
August 30, 1181 |
Pope Alexander III (Latin: Alexander Tertius; c. 1100 – 30 August 1181), born Orlando Bandinelli, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 171st Pope was Pope from 1159 to 1181.
Cardinal Bandinelli was elected pope on September 7, 1159; and he chose the name Alexander III. His papacy was disputed by Antipope Victor IV, Antipope Paschal III, Antipope Calixtus III and Antipope Innocent III.
Pope Alexander was involved in Italian and European political disputes.
- Also known as Rolando or Roland of Siena
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-3.
- "Pope Alexander III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-16.
- Cormenin, Louis-Marie de Lahaye. (1846). "Alexander the third ... Victor the fourth," The Public and Private History of the Popes of Rome, Vol. I, pp. 435-447.
- "Alexander III," Encyclopedia Britannica (1910), p. 553.
- Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1833). "Alexander III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 1, p. 304; Cormenin, pp. 440-441.
| Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- "Pope Alexander III". Catholic Encyclopedia. (1913). New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
- GCatholic, Pope Alexander III
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Bandinelli
| Succeeded by|