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Pope Benedict XI
|Papacy began||22 October 1303|
|Papacy ended||7 July 1304|
|Predecessor||Pope Boniface VIII|
|Successor||Pope Clement V|
|Birth name||Nicholas Boccasini|
|Died||1304 (aged 63–64)|
In 1300, Cardinal Boccasini was named Bishop of Ostia and Velletri.
In 1302, he was the diplomatic representative of Boniface VIII in Hungary.
In a conciliatory gesture, Benedict released the King of France from excommunication.
Benedict XI was the author of a volume of sermons and commentaries on the Gospel of Matthew, on the Psalms, the Book of Job, and John's Apocalypse.
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
- "Pope Benedict XI," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-3.
- "Benedict XI", Encyclopedia Britannica (1910), Vol. 3, p. 718.
- "Benedict XI", Encyclopedia Americana (1918), p. 504.
- Note on ordinal numbering: Popes Benedict XI–XVI are really the 10th–15th popes with that name. This is because Benedict X is now parsed as an antipope; but during the reign of Benedict XI, this was not recognized. The "true" or actual tenth pope Benedict identified himself with the ordinal number XI. In other words, the numbering of popes after the 10th Benedict needs to be explained -- compare Popes Boniface VIII–IX.
- "Pope Benedict XI". Catholic Encyclopedia. (1913). New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- "St. Benedict XI., Pope and Confessor", Butler's Lives of the Saints
- Catholic Hierarchy, Pope Benedict XI
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Boccasini
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