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Pope Pius XII
|Venerable Pope Pius XII|
|Papacy began||March 2, 1939|
|Papacy ended||October 9, 1958|
|Predecessor||Pope Pius XI|
|Successor||Pope John XXIII|
|Birth name||Eugenio Maria Guiseppe Giovanni Pacelli|
March 2, 1876 |
October 9, 1958 (aged 82) |
Castel Gandolfo, Italy
|Motto||Opus Justitiae Pax (The work of justice shall be peace)|
Pope Pius XII (Latin: Pius PP. XII; Italian: Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (March 2, 1876 – October 9, 1958), was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 261st Pope from 1939 to 1958.
Pacelli was born on 2 March 1876 in Rome, Italy. He studied at the Capranica Seminary and the Pontifical Gregorian University. In 1895, he earned a degree in Theology.
Pius XII wrote forty-one official papal letters (encylicals).
Pius XII named forty-two new cardinals.
- Vatican webpage, Pius XII biography (Italian)
- Critical Online Edition of the Nuncial Reports of Eugenio Pacelli (1917–1929)
- Tomb of Pius XII
- Catholic hierarchy, Pope Pius XII
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Pacelli
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