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Pope Pius XI
|Pope Pius XI|
|Papacy began||6 February 1922|
|Papacy ended||10 February 1939|
|Predecessor||Pope Benedict XV|
|Successor||Pope Pius XII|
|Birth name||Achille Ratti|
|Born||31 May 1857|
Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire
|Died||10 February 1939|
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
|Motto||Raptim Transit (It goes by swiftly)|
Pax Christi in Regno Christi (The Peace of Christ in the Realm of Christ)
|Other Popes named Pius|
Father Ratti was a professor at the Padua Seminary from 1882 to 1888. He worked at Ambrosian Library of Milan from 1888 to 1911; and at the Vatican Library from 1911-1914.
Cardinal Ratti was elected pope on February 6, 1922; and he chose the name Pope Pius XI.
Some of his decisions were controversial. He made 18 concordats (treaties) with foreign governments. They included the Lateran Concordat with Italy in 1929; and the Reichskoncordat with Germany in 1933.
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
- "Pope Pius XI", Embryo Project (2010); retrieved 2011-11-02.
- "Pontiff Spent His Life in Religion From His Boyhood Years," New York Times. February 10, 1939; retrieved 2011-11-9.
- Pius XI, a Diplomat and a Deep Student," New York Times. February 7, 1922; retrieved 2011-11-9.
- Flinn, Frank K. et al. (2007). "Pius XI," in Encyclopedia of Catholicism, p. 520.
- Vatican webpage, Pius XI biography (in Italian)
- Catholic hierarchy, Pope Pius XI
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Ratti
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