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Pope Callixtus III



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Callixtus III
Papacy began April 8, 1455
Papacy ended August 6, 1458
Predecessor Pope Nicholas V
Successor Pope Pius II
Personal details
Birth name Alfonso Borja or Borgia
Born December 31, 1378
Valencia, Spain
Died August 6, 1458
Rome

Other Popes named Callixtus

Pope Callixtus III (Latin: Callistus Tertius; December 31, 1378–August 6, 1458),[1] born Alfonso de Borja, was an Spanish official of the Roman Catholic Church and the 210th Pope from April 8, 1455 until his death.[2]

Early life

Borja was born near Valencia on December 31, 1378.[3]

Bishop

Martin V named Borja bishop of Valencia in 1429.[3]

Cardinal

In 1444, Eugene IV made Borja or "Borgia"[4] a cardinal.[5]

Pope

After Nicholas V died, Cardinal Borgia was elected pope on April 8, 1455. He chose to be called Callixtus III.[6]

In 1456, Callixtus authorized a review of the trial of Joan of Arc; and she was found innocent.[7]

Related pages

References

Coat of arms of Calixtus
  1. The pope's name is also spelled "Callistus"
  2. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2012-6-22.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Pope Callistus III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.
  4. The Italian spelling for the pope's name was "Borgia".
  5. Beckett, William. (1836). "Callixtus III," A Universal Biography, Vol. 1, p. 633.
  6. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1836). "Calixtus III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 6, p. 162.
  7. "Joan of Arc", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.

Other websites

Media related to Callistus III at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Nicholas V
Pope
1455–1458
Succeeded by
Pius II