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Pope Benedict XII



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Benedict XII
Papacy beganDecember 20, 1334
Papacy endedApril 25, 1342
PredecessorPope John XXII
SuccessorPope Clement IV
Personal details
Birth nameJacques Fourier
Bornc. 1280s
Saverdun, France
DiedApril 25, 1342
Avignon
Other Popes named Benedict

Pope Benedict XII (Latin: Benedictus DuodecimusLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.; died April 25, 1342), born Jacques Fournier, was a French priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 198th Pope from 1334 to 1342.[1]

He was the third of the seven popes who lived in Avignon in France.

Early life

Jacques Fournier is believed to have been born in Saverdun in the Comté de Foix near Toulouse.[2]

He became a Cistercian monk; and he studied at the University of Paris.[2]

In 1311, he was made Abbot of Fontfroide Abbey.[2]

Bishop

In 1317, Fourier he was made bishop of Pamiers.[2]

In 1327, he became Bishop of Mirepoix in the Ariège.[2]

Cardinal

Pope John XXIII made Fourier a cardinal in 1327.[2]

Pope

Cardinal Fourier was elected pope in 1335;[2] and he chose to be called Benedict XII.[3]

Pope Benedict was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2]

Benedict XII ordered the construction of the Palais des Papes in Avignon.[2]

Related pages

References

Emblem of the popes
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 "Pope Benedict XII," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-3.
  3. Note on ordinal numbering: Popes Benedict XI–XVI are really the 10th–15th popes with that name. This is because Benedict X is now parsed as an antipope; but during the reign of Benedict XI, this was not recognized. The "true" or actual eleventh pope Benedict identified himself with the ordinal number XII. In other words, the numbering of popes after the 10th Benedict needs to be explained -- compare Popes Boniface VIII–IX.

Other websites

Media related to Benedictus XII at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
John XXII
Pope
1334–1342
Succeeded by
Clement VI