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Pope Innocent XI




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Innocent XI
Papacy began21 September 1676
Papacy ended12 August 1689
PredecessorPope Clement X
SuccessorPope Alexander VIII
Personal details
Birth nameBenedetto Odescalchi
BornMay 16, 1611(1611-05-16)
Como. Italy
DiedAugust 12, 1689(1689-08-12) (aged 78)
Rome
Other Popes named Innocent

Pope Innocent XI (Latin: Innocentius Undecimus; 16 May 1611 – 12 August 1689), born Benedetto Odescalchi, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 240th Pope from 1676 to 1689.[1]

Early life

Benedetto Odescalchi was born at Como in 1611.[2] He was the son of a Como nobleman, Livio Odescalchi

Cardinal

In 1645, Pope Innocent X raised Odescalchi to the rank of cardinal.[2]

Bishop

In 1650, Odescalchi became Bishop of Novara.[2]

Pope

Cardinal Odescalchi was elected pope on 21 September 1676;[3] and he chose to be called Innocent XI.

Pope Innocent was involved in Italian and European political disputes,[2] chiefly with Louis XIV of France[4]

Pope Innocent and Siamese envoys, 1688

In December 1688, Innocent received the diplomatic mission sent to the Vatican by Narai, the King of Siam.[5]

After his death

After Innocent XI in 1689, he was buried in St. Peter's Basilica.[2]

The process of canonization was begun in 1714 and suspended in 1744. Pope Pius XII announced his beatification in 1956.[6]

Related pages

References

Coat of arms of Innocent XI
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-12-1.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Blessed Pope Innocent XI", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-12-1.
  3. Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. p. 582. https://books.google.com/?id=IjeU7x0kXhMC&pg=PA5829. 
  4. The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1838. p. 481. https://books.google.com/?id=ryby2RTDEQAC&pg=PA481. 
  5. Smithies, Michael and Luigi Bressan. (2001). Siam and the Vatican in the Seventeenth Century, p. 98.
  6. "Blessed Pope Innocent XI," Catholic News Agency ; retrieved 2011-12-2.

Other websites

Media related to Innocentius XI at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
Clement X
Pope
1676–1689
Succeeded by
Alexander VIII