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Pope Innocent IV
|Papacy began||June 25, 1243|
|Papacy ended||December 7, 1254|
|Predecessor||Pope Celestine IV|
|Successor||Pope Alexander IV|
|Birth name||Sinibaldo Fieschi|
|Born||c. 1195 |
|Died||16 July December 7, 1254 |
|Other Popes named Innocent|
Pope Innocent IV (Latin: Innocentius Quartus; c. 1195 – December 7, 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 181st Pope from June 25, 1243 until his death in 1254.
Innocent granted the use of the red hat to the cardinals in 1245. The red had was a symbol of the cardinal's readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church.
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Pope Innocent IV", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Pope Adrian V", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Innocent IV", Encyclopedia Britannica (1910), Vol. 14, pp. 579-580.
- Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1838). "Innocent IV," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 12, p. 480.
- "Innocent IV", Encyclopedia Britannica, p. 580.
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