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All-India Muslim League
The All-India Muslim League was a political party in British India. It was founded at Dacca (now Dhaka, Bangladesh), in the Bengal Presidency, in 1906. The party played an important role during the 1940s in the Indian independence movement. It developed into the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state on the Indian subcontinent.
After the independence of India and Pakistan, the League split up into several components. The major part went to Pakistan and became the Muslim League there. It also continued as a minor party in India, especially in Kerala, where it is often in government within a coalition with others.
In Pakistan, the League formed the country's first government, but disintegrated into a number of factions during the 1950s after an army coup by General Ayub Khan. One or more factions of the Muslim League have been in power in most of the civilian governments of Pakistan since 1947.
In Bangladesh, the party was revived in 1976 and won 14 seats in 1979 parliamentary election. Its importance has decreased since then and it no longer holds any major or significant role.
- Jalal, Ayesha (1994) The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521458504