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44th Emperor of the Roman Empire
Santa Giulia 4.jpg
ReignSeptember, 270–September or October 275
BornSeptember 9, 214 or 215
BirthplaceSerdica, Sirmium or Cibalae
Died275 (aged 60)
Place of deathCaenophrurium, Thrace
WifeUlpia Severina
Antoninian Coin of Aurelian

Aurelian (who lived between 214/215 - 275 AD) was an Emperor of Rome between 270 and 275 AD.

Aurelian came from Illyria (in the Balkans). He had been a soldier all his life when the Emperor Claudius Gothicus promoted him to high rank. When Claudius died, the army chose Aurelian as the next Emperor. He suppressed a revolt of Roman mint workers and reformed the coinage to try to avoid the problem of inflation that the Romans had had for a while.

His notable achievements were to defeat several groups of barbarians - most importantly the Alamanni - but also the Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and Carpi. He recovered Egypt for the empire. He also tried to make the Roman god Sol Invictus the main god. He was murdered by some of his generals and Tacitus (not the historian) was the next emperor.

Domitianus II (usurper) revolted against Aurelian's rule.