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Temporal range: 15–0Ma
Middle Miocene – Recent
Close-up picture of foliage and avocado fruit
Avocado fruit and foliage, Réunion island
Scientific classification
P. americana
Binomial name
Persea americana
  • Laurus persea L.
  • Persea americana var. angustifolia Miranda
  • Persea americana var. drymifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) S.F.Blake
  • Persea americana var. nubigena (L.O.Williams) L.E.Kopp
  • Persea drymifolia Cham. & Schltdl.
  • Persea edulis Raf.
  • Persea floccosa Mez
  • Persea gigantea L.O.Williams
  • Persea gratissima C.F.Gaertn.
  • Persea gratissima var. drimyfolia (Schltdl. & Cham.) Mez
  • Persea gratissima var. macrophylla Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. oblonga Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. praecox Nees
  • Persea gratissima var. vulgaris Meisn.
  • Persea leiogyna Blake
  • Persea nubigena L.O.Williams
  • Persea nubigena var. guatemalensis L.O.Williams
  • Persea paucitriplinervia Lundell
  • Persea persea (L.) Cockerell
  • Persea steyermarkii C.K.Allen [1]

An avocado is a berry fruit. It has medium dark green or dark green bumpy or smooth skin depending on the variety.

The flesh of an avocado is deep chartreuse green in color near the skin and pale chartreuse green near the core. It has a creamy, rich texture.

Avocado trees come from Central America and Mexico. They can grow in many places, as long as it is not too cold.

Avocados have much more fat than most other fruit, but most is fat that is healthy to eat (unsaturated fat). Avocados have lots of potassium, B vitamins, and vitamin E and K.

The Mexican food called guacamole is made of avocados. Many other foods are also made from avocado.

Avocado is poisonous to some animals. Many animals will get very sick or die if they eat avocado.

Health Benefits of Avocado

  1. Keeps your hair and skin healthy: Avocado contains many nutritional elements that recommend it to many nutritionists for skin and health care. It contains the right amount of healthy fats, antioxidants and biotin which helps to nourish the skin. Avocado helps to give a glow to the skin and imparts a healthy glow to the hair. Additionally, it has anti-aging properties that are essential for those who care for their skin.
  2. Natural poisoning: Sufficient fiber in avocado eliminates your regular stool. Which is very important for daily excretion of toxins through bile and feces. Recent research has shown that dietary fibers also play a role in controlling the immune system and inflammation.
  3. Improves your digestion: There are tons of soluble and insoluble fiber present in avocados. And these fibers help to lubricate the intestines while digesting food. They support the smooth process of your stomach. In addition, these fibers induce digestive juices to be absorbed excessively and rapidly. And because of this you are advised to eat avocado every time you have constipation or diarrhea. Due to this, avocado is good for weight management.
  4. Increases eye light: Another pigment present in avocados is carotenoids, specifically lutein and zeaxanthin. They help protect the eyes. Diseases and illnesses caused by cataract, macular degeneration, loss of vision or any disease-free radical statement are issues that you will not need to worry about. Due to the regular activity of those pigments, it neutralizes the effect of free radicals.[2]


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