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Bagan




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Pagan
Coordinates: 21°10′N 94°52′E / 21.167°N 94.867°E / 21.167; 94.867Coordinates: 21°10′N 94°52′E / 21.167°N 94.867°E / 21.167; 94.867
CountryBurma
RegionMandalay Region
Foundedmid-to-late 9th century
Area
 • Total104 km2 (40 sq mi)
Population
 • Ethnicities
Bamar
 • Religions
Theravada Buddhism
Time zoneUTC+6.30 (MST)

Bagan (bəɡàɴ; also called Pagan) is an ancient city in the Mandalay region of Myanmar. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan from the 9th to 13th centuries. During the kingdom's golden age between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were built in Bagan.

Now, the archaeological remains of over 2,200 of these temples and pagodas are in the surrounding plains. It is one of the biggest places for tourism in the country.

References

  • Aung-Thwin, Michael (2005). The mists of Rāmañña: The Legend that was Lower Burma (illustrated ed.). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.  ISBN 0-8248-2886-0, 978-0-8248-2886-8.
  • Harvey, G. E. (1925). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. 
  • Htin Aung, Maung (1967). A History of Burma. New York and London: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Köllner, Helmut; Axel Bruns (1998). Myanmar (Burma) (illustrated ed.). Hunter Publishing. p. 255. ISBN 3-88618-415-3
      . 
  • Lieberman, Victor B. (2003). Strange Parallels: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800–1830, volume 1, Integration on the Mainland. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-80496-7
      . 

Other websites

Media related to Bagan at Wikimedia Commons